Motivation reconsidered the concept of competence by robert w white kindle edition forms part of an initiative by the website wwwall about psychologycom to make important insightful and engaging psychology publications widely available. Theories of motivation built upon primary drives cannot account for playful and exploratory behavior the new motivational concept of competence is introduced indicating the biological . Theories of motivation built upon primary drives cannot account for playful and exploratory behavior the new motivational concept of competence is introduced indicating the biological significance of such behavior it furthers the learning process of effective interaction with the environment while the purpose is not known to animal or child an intrinsic need to deal with the environment . We obtained cronbachs alpha of total factors 078 for autonomy 073 for competence 070 for relatedness 070 using confirmatory factor analysis showed hierarchical models were relatively satisfactory and the three factor model had the best fit to the data. In 1959 robert w white wrote a classic article for psychological review titled motivation reconsidered the concept of competence in it white proposed a new concept effectance motivation effectance is the basic motivation to be effective and competent
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